French dog breeds small



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French dog breeds small and large

The small and large French dogs are two breeds of domestic dog which are similar in size, but differ in physical characteristics. One large French dog is the Snt Bernard and the other small is the Petit Basset Griffon Vendeen. Despite the differences in appearance, they are bred from the same breed of dog, the Griffon Bruxellois, and have a similar history.

Appearance

The two breeds of French dog have similar physical characteristics. The Snt Bernard is a large, muscular dog, with a long, rough, coarse coat. The French are known for their strength, both physical and mental. They were bred for working with heavy loads and for their size. They were originally bred to work as pack animals in the Alps, where there were deep snow drifts and dangerous inclines.

The appearance of the Snt Bernard and the Petit Basset Griffon Vendeen are similar, though they have a contrasting appearance. The Snt Bernard is typically black and white, while the Petit Basset Griffon Vendeen has a short, wiry, reddish-brown coat, with two light patches on the forehead. The Snt Bernard weighs up to while the Petit Basset Griffon Vendeen can weigh up to . The Snt Bernard is about while the Petit Basset Griffon Vendeen is between tall. Both breeds have a long, strong, double-pronged tl.

History

Origins

The Petit Basset Griffon Vendeen and the Snt Bernard have a similar history. They are both descended from the same breed of dog, the Griffon Bruxellois, and they were developed around the same time. The first Snt Bernard was a male of mixed breeds. In 1785, Jacques Philippe Petit of the Haute-Saône Valley, a foreman for the family of the Marquis de Bonnes, began to work with the Griffon Bruxellois to develop the first Snt Bernard. During the Breton war of independence, General Napoleon Bonaparte gave a white petit basset dog to his de-de-camp, Baron von Stein. He kept the dog until 1806, after which the dog was killed at Battle of Leipzig. The dog's remns were brought to Paris and were displayed at the Menagerie du Roi.

While the Snt Bernard and the Petit Basset Griffon Vendeen were both bred from the same heritage, the Snt Bernard was developed through breeding pure Snt Bernard lines in Switzerland, while the Petit Basset Griffon Vendeen was developed through breeding pure Griffon Bruxellois lines in the French part of the Alps. As a result, the Snt Bernard was developed to be more agile and muscular, while the Petit Basset Griffon Vendeen was developed to be calmer and quieter.

18th to 19th century

The Snt Bernard was first shown at the Salon in the year 1783. It became the official symbol of the French National Assembly in the early nineteenth century. The early Snt Bernards were very large, and not always easy to trn. The breed was used for hunting, particularly in the Alpes-Maritimes. After the Revolution of 1848, Snt Bernards began to be shown in England, becoming especially popular among the aristocracy. The breed was recognized in the United States as the British Cattle Dog, but was called the "American Snt Bernard" because of its use as a mascot of the United States. It was imported from France by General James Fisk Wilson and his wife at the end of the Civil War, where it was called the Wilson Bulldog. After the Wilson's death in 1870, the Snt Bernard was named in honor of their daughter, Margaret Wilson in 1871. The first registered Snt Bernard was a puppy named "Niggerty", owned by George Washington Cable.

Snt Bernards were popular with the upper classes in 19th century England, and the breed became widespread, with the breed association being established in 1895. Snt Bernards were used to hunt foxes and other game in southern England and throughout the British Empire. In Britn, the breed is one of the most popular working dogs. The Snt Bernard is considered the unofficial national dog of the United States by some members of the media. In the 19th century the Snt Bernard was used to hunt bears and other large game in the United States. The Snt Bernard is the only breed of dog used to hunt bear in North America. The Snt Bernard has been used for other purposes, including hunting squirrels, mice and birds, and for herding. It is also used for security, police work and as a guide dog. The breed is the second most popular breed of guide dog in the United States.

In 1878, French breeders began introducing Griffonnage to improve the hardiness of Snt Bernards. The first Griffonnage dogs in the United States were brought by C. D. Wilson. Early Snt Bernards were considered to be of a stockier build than contemporary Snt Bernards.

The American Kennel Club standard for the Snt Bernard was first published in 1907, and it was amended in 1964. The standard is updated periodically. The coat color standard was last revised in 1993.

In the early 1900s, Snt Bernards were used in the United States as early detection police dogs to track down thieves and runaways. The breeds popularity increased in the 1930s and 40s when some breeds of dog were used as sentries at dog shows and for police work. A group called the American Police Dogs Association was established in 1929 and had 500 members in 1935. This group produced the first trning manual for police dog trning, "A Guide to the Care and Handling of Police Dogs." This manual taught trners how to trn their dogs and the American police dog community adopted the trning methods outlined.

Since the 1940s, Snt Bernards have been used to track down missing children in remote mountn locations. During the 1970s and 80s, the St. Bernard Police Dog Unit was established in Los Angeles. The unit consists of a police dog handler, police dog and trning staff. Snt Bernards are also used in search and rescue, avalanche, and wilderness rescue. Snt Bernards are still used in these capacities and they are even used as military K9s.

The St. Bernard can be used as a working dog but it is not the first choice breed for police work or working in any type of situation. The Snt Bernard is a versatile breed and is very adaptable to almost any type of work. It has a natural instinct to herd which makes it great at guarding livestock and herds of farm animals. It is also good at herding and protecting other animals and people. The Snt Bernard is also very protective of people and will not allow another person to hurt it or any people it is responsible for protecting.

Notes

References

External links

Category:FCI breeds

Category:Herding dogs

Category:Dog breeds originating in France



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