As with humans, our pet friends also need oral hygiene to avoid complications and illness. Tartar in dogs is something that is not normally taken seriously by owners, but that in the long run, if left untreated, can cause early tooth loss and even serious illnesses and infections in our dogs.
THE tartar on dogs it is nothing more than a plaque of bacteria that arises from the accumulation of food debris on the dog's teeth and that is not removed correctly. Tartar - which is also known as dental calculus - affects most dogs and can be avoided and treated to preserve the health of our dogs' mouths.
If not treated in time, tartar can cause, for example, meningitis and other generalized infections in dogs; this is because with the advancement of this bacterial plaque there may be contact with some blood vessel, which spreads the area of reach of the bacteria, leading to other diseases.
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How to avoid tartar?
One of the easiest ways to prevent the tartar on dogs reach your pet is to brush your friend's teeth daily, since he was little. In this way, the dog will have the habit of allowing the owner to brush his teeth since he is a puppy, without becoming aloof or withdrawn with the new brushing routine. But what if I can't brush my dog's teeth every day? If it is not possible to brush your dog's teeth every day, it is best to brush at least three times during the week to prevent the dental calculus from forming. It is important to remember that we should never use our toothbrushes or toothpaste on our dogs, they should have their own toothbrush and toothpaste that are specific to dogs and are not harmful to their health.
In addition, it is also important that the dog does not eat food other than dog food or specific snacks. Other types of food, no matter how tasty they are, increase the chances of your pet developing the canine tartar, because they are softer, they accumulate more easily between the teeth of our animals.
How do I know if my dog has tartar?
One of the first signs that your dog may be developing dental calculus is bad breath. That's because bad breath is caused nothing more, nothing less, than by the accumulation of bacteria in the dog's mouth - just like in us humans.
The accumulation of bacteria, in addition to causing this characteristic "breath" also causes the teeth to start to darken, which is the result of the proliferation of bacteria and the substances they release.
In addition, by causing pain in teeth and gums, the tartar on dogs can be recognized because the dog starts to eat less, avoiding chewing, which causes more pain in his teeth.
My dog already has tartar, what should I do?
If your dog already shows signs of tartar, the most important thing is that he be taken immediately for a consultation with your veterinarian. Tartar is a gateway to other diseases, which can affect the kidneys, liver and even the heart of our canine friends.
How is the treatment of tartar in dogs?
In addition to brushing the teeth, it is important that the dog is taken periodically to the veterinarian to examine the condition of the dog's teeth, performing a cleaning of tartar on the dog if necessary. This procedure is done with the dog awake or slightly sedated, but it is a quick process and the dog returns home the same day.
For dogs that already have an advanced degree of canine tartar it is advisable that the veterinarian performs periodontal treatment on the dog. This procedure is more time consuming and laborious, and requires the dog to take general anesthesia. This is because in the treatment the veterinarian will remove the dog's gums to clean it, as this is where bacteria enter the rest of the dog's body, causing diseases such as meningitis, renal and heart failure, bronchitis, arthritis, among others, unfortunately, some of these diseases have no cure.
Therefore, try to keep your dogs health always up to date, keeping your friend healthy and happy.